Zoological Park or Zoos
Zoos are primarily dry facilities where animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. Such facilities include zoos, safari parks, animal theme parks, aviaries, butterfly zoos, and reptile centers, as well as wildlife sanctuaries and nature reserves where visitors are allowed. Oldest zoo in India is Arignar Anna Zoological Park. The Central Zoo Authority of India is the Governing Authority of all Zoos in India and is an associate member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA).
Botanical Gardens in
A botanical garden is a place where plants, especially ferns, conifers and flowering plants, are grown and displayed for the purposes of research and education. This distinguishes them from parks and pleasure gardens where plants, usually with beautiful flowers, are grown for public amenity Botanical gardens that specialize in trees are sometimes referred to as arboreta. They are occasionally associated with zoos. The botanical garden in Nashik is the first of its kind in the country and only one in South East Asia with a unique laser show.
National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.Further federal legislation strengthening protection for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of May 2019, there were 104 national parks encompassing an area of 40,501.13 km2, under protected areas of India category II comprising 1.23% of India’s total surface area.
Wildlife sanctuaries of India are classified as IUCN Category IV protected areas. Between 1936 and 2016, 543 wildlife sanctuaries were established in the country that cover 118,918 km2 (45,914 sq mi) as of 2017. Among these, the 50 tiger reserves are governed by Project Tiger, and are of special significance for the conservation of the Bengal tiger.
National Museums in India
National-level museums in India come directly under the administrative control of Ministry of Culture, Government of India.