India Map ::  Languages in India

Languages in India



Language is a mode of communication in which the people contact with each other. The languages in India belong to several language families namely, Indo-Aryan language and Dravidian language. Indo-Aryan language is spoken by 72% of people and Dravidian language is spoken by 25% of people in India.

Other languages which help to communicate belong to Austro-Asiatic, Tibeto-Burman. There are a lot of languages spoken in India namely Tamil, Telugu, English, Hindi…etc.

The primary official language spoken in India is Hindi, while the secondary official language is English.

There are mixture of people living in India with different religion, culture, feeling and faith. Every people have their own mother tongues. Some surveys convey that there are 1652 different mother tongues in India.

India is regarded as the hometown of 398 languages out of which 11 are non-existence.

The languages spoken in North India is not understood by the South-Indian, similarly the languages spoken in South India is not understood by the North- Indian.

So the Constitution of India accepted 22 languages as official language known as Scheduled Language and it constitute the major languages in India.

Some of the languages spoken in North India are Bengali, Marathi, Kashmiri, and Punjabi.
 

Indian Languages

State Language
Andhra Pradesh  Telugu
Urdu
Arunachal Pradesh  Monpa
Miji
Aka
Sherdukpen
Nyishi
Apatani
Tagin
Hill Miri
Adi
Digaru Mismi
Idu-Mishmi
Khamti
Miju Mishmi
Nocte
Tangsa
Wancho
Assam  Assamese
Bengali
Bihar  Hindi
Urdu
Santhali
Chhattishgarh  Hindi
Goa  Konkani
Marathi
Gujarat  Gujarati
Haryana  Hindi
Punjabi
Urdu
Himachal Pradesh  Hindi
Punjabi
Kinnauri
Pahari
Jammu & Kashmir  Urdu
Kashmiri
Dogri
Pahari
Balti
Ladakhi
Purig
Punjabi
Gurji
Dadri
Jharkhand  Hindi
Urdu
Maithli
Bhojpuri
Karnataka  Kannada
Kerala  Malayalam
Madhya Pradesh  Hindi
Maharashtra Marathi
Manipur  Manipuri
Meghalaya Khasi
Garo
English
Mizoram  Mizo 
English
Nagaland  Angami
Ao
Chang
Konyak
Lotha
Sangtam
Sema 
Chakhesang
Orissa  Oriya
Punjab  Punjabi
Rajasthan  Rajasthani
Hindi
Sikkim  Lepcha
Bhutia
Hindi
Nepali 
Limbu
Tamil Nadu  Tamil
Tripura  Bengali
Manipuri
Kokborak
Uttar Pradesh Hindi
Urdu
Uttaranchal  Hindi
Garhwali
Kumaoni
West Bengal Bengali
Andaman & Nicobar Islands Bengali
Hindi
Telugu
Tamil & Malayalam
Nicobarese
Chandigarh  Hindi
Punjabi
English
Daman & Diu  Gujarati
Hindi
Marathi
Dadra & Nagar Haveli Bhili
Gujarati
Bhilodi
Marathi
Hindi
Delhi  Hindi
Punjabi
Urdu
English
Lakshadweep   Jeseri (Dweep Bhasha)
Mahal and Malayalam
Pondichery Tamil
Telugu
Malayalam
English
French
 

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